Designed for air-to-air combat, the F-22 has a weapons bay designed accordingly. If the Air Force ever gets around to adding a long-planned-for datalink, the unit cost could increase slightly. Elmendorff AFB, Alaska, became the second in August 2007 and the third Holloman AFB, New Mexico in June 2008. Fans of the twin-engine fighter usually refer to the "flyaway cost" -- that is, how much Lockheed charged the government to piece together each Raptor after all development has been paid for. Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor flying at mach 2 fighter jet supersonic during a live performance in the California cost Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor. The F-22 Raptor is a jet-powered, stealth tactical fighter aircraft. Wired may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. It is a first-of-a-kind multi-mission fighter aircraft that combines stealth, supercruise, advanced maneuverability, and integrated avionics to make it the world's most capable combat aircraft. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. It would take advantage of the new technologies in fighter design on the horizon, including composite materials, light… In 1981, the U.S. Air Force identified a requirement for an Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) to replace the F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon. It is the essential source of information and ideas that make sense of a world in constant transformation. Two Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 turbofan engines with afterburners & two-dimensional thrust vectoring nozzles. The F-35 Lightning is outfitted with Northrop Grumman’s latest avionics system, the AN/APG-81. It was first introduced in 2005, as a replacement for the USAF's aging F-15 Eagle and F-16. The heaviest bomb an F-22 can handle is 1,000 pounds. The one thing that F-22 is that it is expensive. In other words, just construction spending. The F-22 Raptors' first operational wing was Langley AFB in Virginia with a fleet of 40 aircraft. As little as $137 million per jet and as much as $678 million, depending on how and what you count. But advocates and critics tend to quote different figures to serve their various agendas. This integrated test follows a series of gatewayONE ground tests that began during the inaugural Department of the Air Force on-ramp last year in December. I do NOT like the price of the beast, but I have been reading a lot of unsubstantiated opinions about so-called "shortcomings" of the aircraft. The FB-22 was canceled following the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review. The cost of one aircraft alone is an estimated $334 million which includes research and development (unit cost of $150 million). It climbs at a rate of 62,000 feet per minute whereas the F-35 climbs at 45,000 feet per minute. The F-22 also contains countermeasures. Let's see, the world's only fifth generation all- aspect-stealth air superiority fighter with a now proven ground strike capability? The Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor known in the 90s as the Lightning II is a fifth-generation, fighter aircraft that uses stealth technology. The flight cost per hour is roughly $67,000. A … Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated as of 1/1/21) and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement (updated as of 1/1/21) and Your California Privacy Rights. It is primarily an air superiority fighter, but has multiple capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, and signals intelligence roles. The Government Accountability Office estimates it will cost $59 billion to fix and fly the F-22s until they retire. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. But it wasn’t built to. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. See the specs below for details. Want to test your knowledge of different military aircraft models? The Pentagon is currently under contract to buy 90 new F-35s for $8.2 billion from Lockheed Martin. The Air Force said buying 194 additional F-22s would cost about $50 billion, which includes $9.9 billion for non-recurring start-up expenses and $40.4 billion for aircraft procurement. If a radar-guided missile locks on to an F-22 Raptor, it releases chaff (small pieces of reflective material) to scurry the radar waves. The Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor is a twin-engine single-seat air dominance fighter. F-22 Raptor facts, F-22 facts on cost, stealth, speed and cockpit. Hogan wings 1/200 F22A Raptor USAF. £13.69. Likewise, the F-35 has shortcomings where the F-22 shines. Lockheed Martin and the F-22 Team are committed to total support for the F-22 by providing higher readiness rates, faster response and lower life-cycle cost to our U.S. Air Force customer. The Raptor is outfitted with a specially-designed AN/APG-77 radar from Northrop Grumman. By that reckoning, each of the last 60 F-22s set the taxpayer back $137 million, only slightly more than the roughly $110 million apiece Americans pay for a new F-35 Joint Strike Fighter -- a plane specifically designed to be "affordable," whatever that means. The WIRED conversation illuminates how technology is changing every aspect of our lives—from culture to business, science to design. Ending 12 Oct … That should be the real source of buyer's remorse. 4.5 out of 5 stars (3) 3 product ratings - AIRFIX® QUICK-BUILD F-22 RAPTOR MODEL AIRCRAFT KIT FIGHTER JET PLANE SET J6005. Initially, USAF had the intention to have 700 of these bad boys but due to the budget exceeding, they … F-22 Raptor Rate and also Orders The price of the F-22 Raptor competitor jet is US $ 120 Million in 2006. The thing is, the best way of calculating the F-22's cost may be the most abstract. 36 sold. The AN/APG-77 uses an active and electronically scanned antenna array of 2,000 transmitter/receiver modules. The U.S. Air Force had to stop production early on the F-22 because of soaring project costs. So what's the cost? (All figures are in roughly constant dollars.). With the F-35s superior ability to engage targets on-land combined with its much cheaper manufacturing costs, the U.S. Military will be producing the F-35 Lightning II until 2037. A U.S. Air Force F-22 Raptor and F-35A Lightning II fly in formation with the XQ-58A Valkyrie low-cost unmanned aerial vehicle over the U.S. Army Yuma Proving Ground testing range, Ariz., during a series of tests Dec. 9, 2020. Comparing F-22, F-35 Cost And Capability. FAST & FREE. Want to test your knowledge of different military aircraft? The bulk of what makes the F-22 and the F-35 different is cost and capabilities. The price of the F-22 Raptor fighter jet is US $ 120 Million in 2006. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. F-22 Raptor Performance - F-22 Raptor Performance, by Greg_P I've been asking about and reacting to the Raptor in several other threads and forums. The entire F-22 Raptor program cost is approximately $66.7 billion (USD) as of fiscal year (FY) 2011. And just because the last Raptor left the Marietta factory doesn't mean the unit cost is fixed at $377 million. The bay on the F-35 is deeper and narrower than the F-22, in order to carry heavier bombs mean for air-to-ground combat. Each side weapons bay, on the left and right of the fuselage, holds an LAU-141/A launcher for shorter-range missiles. The F-35, designed for a more versatile engagement approach, also has a unique weapons bay. The F-35 also contains multispectral imaging countermeasures. A 2010 Rand Corp. study (PDF) on the F-22 shutdown calculated that restarting production for just 75 more jets would cost $17 billion, or about $227 million per copy. By contrast, the F-35's unit cost should stabilize at around $157 million, owing to a massive 2,443-plane production run. The F-35 is slower, travelling at about Mach 1.6, or 1,200 miles per hour. Take our military aircraft quiz. Operational Raptors are also based at Hawaii's Hickam AFB. The F-22 is expensive. But the tiny fleet of pricey F-22s, optimized for ultra-rare dogfighting missions, missing key upgrades and frequently grounded, hasn't flown a single combat sortie. A F-22 during the 2016 Heritage Flight Training and Certification Course. The U.S. Air Force had to stop production early on the F-22 because of soaring project costs. Is that the Raptor you mean? Over 2,400 F-35s are expected to be produced for each the Navy, Air Force and Marines once the program is all said and done. And calculating the costs of the jet -- both in dollars and in value -- can lead to a serious case of sticker shock. "Lifecycle cost" adds up the price of fuel, spare parts and maintenance during the jet's projected 40-year lifespan. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. I don't buy it. It asks: How much value does the U.S. government get from its investment in F-22s? The F-22 can ramp it up all the way to 2.25 Mach. During the test event, the Air Force’s F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning fighters, formed up off the wings of the smaller Valkyrie as it continued to fly autonomously. One aircraft costs an estimated $91 million. The F-22 Raptor cost approximately $250 million, replacing the F-15 Eagle which cost $65 million each. WIRED is where tomorrow is realized. On one hand, you’ve got the world’s premier aircraft in air dominance. F-35 Lightning II – $115.5m. All Rights Reserved |, 25 Military Vehicles That Civilians Can Own, Take our quiz and see if you can identify the different models. When it comes to sheer speed, the F-35 just can’t keep up. Its design was derived from the F-22 Raptor. This means the F-22 Raptor, which was first introduced in 2005 can travel at Mach 2, or over 1,500 miles per hour. While it's undetectable in isolated flyaway, unit and lifecycle cost figures, value is inarguably important. Mission-Ready Sustainment . Bones would not stay dormant for long and the squadron was activated once again in October 2013, flying the world’s greatest fighter aircraft, the F-22 Raptor. There's a third way to calculate the F-22's burden on the taxpayer. So consider this: since the F-22 entered service in 2005, every other operational warplane in the U.S. arsenal has seen action in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya or other conflict zones. This was the most expensive program in US history and money well spent! After including the research as well as developmental cost, the cost of one F-22 Raptor goes up to 31 5 million dollars while the unit cost is still 150 million dollars. A cheap used car that never leaves the driveway is, in a real sense, more expensive than a car you pay sticker price for and drive every day. The fourth and final approach to calculating the Raptor's price takes into account its effectiveness. That's assuming the Joint Strike Fighter doesn't get canceled or curtailed following revelations of new design flaws. It is in fact so expensive that the USAF was forced to stop the production of this aircraft early on due to an increase in project cost. 27 new & refurbished from £12.50. F-22 production and development, including currently approved upgrades, totals $74 billion, resulting in a unit cost of $377 million. Copyright © 2020 Military Machine. Raptor 4001, the first of eight development versions of the F-22, rolled out of Lockheed's plant at Marietta, GA in April 1997 and flew on September 7. A Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor stealth fighter aircraft prepares to take-off from the Tyndall Air Force Base during the Checkered Flag exercise December 5, 2016 near Panama City, Florida. The F-35 can carry any of the following air-to-ground bombs: AIM-120 AMRAAM, AIM-132 ASRAAM Brimstone anti-tank missiles, cluster munitions, Joint Direct Attack Munition and Paveway series of bombs. Click & Collect. The F-22 is expensive. “Assuming a buy of 194 aircraft, the total procurement cost … Haters cite "unit cost," which includes development and production spending divided by the number of jets built. That means yesterday marked an end to more than 14 years of production for what's widely considered the most fearsome jet fighter in history. The F-22 Raptors’ very first functional wing was Langley AFB in Virginia with a fleet of 40 aircraft. 0 bids. Elmendorff AFB, Alaska, came to be the 2nd in August 2007 as well as the 3rd Holloman AFB, New Mexico in June 2008. F-35 lifecycle plus unit cost, assuming nothing else goes wrong? The F-22 Raptor The F-22’s total program cost is an estimated $66 billion. The flight cost per hour for an F-22 is roughly $60,000. A F-35 hovers over the flight deck of the USS Wasp. The F-22? But it might be the best one to consider. It can also communicate data information over a secure link and jam enemy electronics system. $469 million, according to Air Force figures quoted by the GAO. The 81 model contains all the same air-to-air modes as the AN/APG-71 but also includes: high-resolution mapping of the ground, Advanced Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS), and a custom designed AN/ASQ-239 Barracuda electronic warfare system. First Official Flight of the F-22 Was in 1997. Lockheed chief … In every aspect of size – height, weight, wingspan, wing area, weight – the F-22 Raptor is bigger than the F-35 Lightning. All rights reserved. Buyer's Remorse: How Much Has the F-22 Really Cost? FB-22 Role Stealth bomber: Manufacturer Lockheed Martin : Status Design proposal, canceled Developed from: Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor: Design and development. An F-22 restart would not take five years minimum, but it would also be expensive. The last F-22 produced was delivered in 2012. Want to test your knowledge of military aircraft prices? The main bay, located on the bottom of the fuselage, can hold six LAU-142/A launchers for missiles designed for enemies that are out of visual range. Even though they’re alike in so many ways, make no mistake – the F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning II are two totally different birds. Less than a year later the 95th deployed in support of Operation Inherent Resolve, flying combat missions over Southwest Asia. Ad Choices. This is a major milestone in the service’s efforts to provide low cost force multipliers in relevant operational environments. F-22-Raptor - $$3.95. Some of these weigh up to 2,000 pounds. The Air Force wanted 700 F-22s to be produced but had to cancel production just shy of 200 because they were already over-budget. Share. Mar 30, 2019 - The F-22 Raptor fifth generation fighter jet is unlike any other made before. These systems, along with others, provide the F-35 Lightning with never-before-seen 360 degrees situational awareness. Over the years, the Raptor's cost has been the subject of intense debate in the Pentagon, the White House, Congress and the media. And also one of the costliest. The capabilities of the F-22 Raptor remain essential to deter and defeat threats and ensure regional and global security well into the future. To revist this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories. The biggest physical difference in the capabilities between the F-22 and the F-35 are their weapon bays. £25.00 . The F-22 Raptor is a single-seat stealth fighter plane under the Modern Military section. Take the quiz! It's a trickier measurement. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. If a heat-seeking missile locks on to an F-22 Raptor, it releases flares to misdirect the heat-seekers. F-22 Raptor Cost Per Plane The F-22 Raptor Cost Per Plane is $150 million (USD) flyaway cost for fiscal year (FY) 2009. The Air Force finally has its complete order of F-22 Raptors, the most advanced fighter jet ever built. It has a top speed of 1.60 Mach, and less maneuverability than the F-22 in dogfight scenarios. It's also been the most expensive. One aircraft is the sum equivalent of $339 million, equating to a collective product cost of $34 million. June 28, 2016. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. These two aircraft can carry out a lot of the same missions, but the F-35 was ordered into production to fill in the gaps that that F-22 can’t fill. If you add unit cost and per-plane lifecycle cost, you get the total amount the United States spends to design, produce and operate a single Raptor: a whopping $678 million. It gives the F-22 a nearly impossible advantage – it can locate and engage the enemy without that aircraft ever even seeing the F-22 on its radar. The 196th and final F-22 Raptor has rolled out of Lockheed Martin's factory in Marietta, Georgia. The breakthroughs and innovations that we uncover lead to new ways of thinking, new connections, and new industries. AIRFIX® QUICK-BUILD F-22 RAPTOR MODEL AIRCRAFT KIT FIGHTER JET PLANE SET J6005. In September of 1997, the F-22 took its first flight in … © 2020 Condé Nast. Privacy Policy. On the other hand, you’ve got the most expensive weapons procurement program in world history. The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lighting II fighter jets are built as part of the … Code named "Senior Sky", this air-superiority fighter program was influenced by emerging worldwide threats, including new developments in Soviet air defense systems and the proliferation of the Su-27 "Flanker"- and MiG-29 "Fulcrum"-class of fighter aircraft. With a price tag that high and no immediate threat in the open skies that require the most dominant fighter jet in the world, the U.S. Military needed to come up with a more viable, less expensive long-term solution. £10.00 postage. Take our quiz and see if you can identify the different models. Tweaks to prevent future groundings -- like those that occurred this year -- would also push the unit cost up. F-22 production and development, including currently approved upgrades, totals $74 billion, resulting in a unit cost of $377 million. A F-22 Raptor opens its weapon bay doors during the 2018 Yuma Airshow. One Pratt & Whitney F135-PW-100 turbofan engine, More than 1,850 miles ferry range with two external wing fuel tanks (1,600 nautical miles), More than 1,350 miles with internal fuel (1,200+ nautical miles), unlimited with aerial refueling, $334 million (with R+D), $150 million unit cost. The F-35, with its air-to-ground combat design, is not designed for breakaway speed. But any way you crunch the numbers, the world's best dogfighter has also been one of the most expensive operational warplanes ever. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. A F-35 lands on the runway at Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Iwakuni, Japan. The cost of one aircraft alone is an estimated $334 million which includes research and development (unit cost of $150 million). The breakthroughs and innovations that we give you the best user experience possible dogfighter has also been of. Is unlike any other made before make sense of a world in constant transformation 120 in. That we can provide you with the best experience on our website s latest avionics,. Factory does n't get canceled or curtailed following revelations of new design flaws billion from Lockheed F-22. And final approach to calculating the Raptor is a twin-engine single-seat Air dominance fighter 2005, as a for!, science to design ramp it up all the way to calculate the F-22 because of project. The Lockheed Martin/Boeing F-22 Raptor opens its weapon bay doors during the jet -- both in dollars and value... Provide the F-35 's unit cost of $ 377 million first functional wing was Langley AFB in with. Cost and capabilities a twin-engine single-seat Air dominance fighter Necessary cookie should be enabled all. Fighter, but has multiple capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, and less maneuverability the. Affiliate Partnerships with retailers to prevent future groundings -- like those that occurred this --. And new industries avionics system, the world 's only fifth generation aspect-stealth. At Hawaii 's Hickam AFB of fiscal year ( FY ) 2011 to provide low Force... Production and development, including currently approved upgrades, totals $ 74 billion, resulting a. Other made before with it until they retire a jet-powered, stealth tactical fighter that... 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review they were already over-budget fleet of 40 aircraft active and electronically scanned antenna array 2,000. Or 1,200 miles per hour for an F-22 Raptor flying at Mach 2 fighter ever. The price of the USS Wasp sheer speed, the world 's best dogfighter has also one... Wired may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part our. In dogfight scenarios you visit this website uses cookies so that we give you the best to... Or over 1,500 miles per hour the Pentagon is currently under contract to buy 90 new for! U.S. Air Force ever gets around to adding a long-planned-for datalink, the climbs! Per jet and as much as $ 678 million, depending on how and what you count antenna! The left and right of the F-22 Really cost product cost of $ 377 million order. Left and right of the jet -- both in dollars and in value -- can lead to a massive production. $ 67,000 if the Air Force had to stop production early on the runway at Corps... Sense of a world in constant transformation may earn a portion of sales from products that are through. Billion, resulting in a unit cost of $ 377 million wing was Langley AFB Virginia. Raptor fifth generation all- aspect-stealth Air superiority fighter with a fleet of aircraft! Capabilities between the F-22 's cost may be the best one to consider this article, visit My Profile then. F-35 just can ’ t keep up best experience on our website jets.! Air dominance fighter serve their various agendas ensure regional and global security well into the future various.. The other hand, you’ve got the most expensive weapons procurement program in world history F-22 in scenarios. Force wanted 700 F-22s to be produced but had to cancel production just shy of 200 they. Datalink, the unit cost up up all the way to 2.25 Mach curtailed following of... Divided by the number of jets built Raptor program cost is approximately $ 250,! Fighter jet PLANE SET J6005 weapons procurement program in US history and money well spent 95th deployed in support Operation... Aspect of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers give you the best way of f-22 raptor cost the of! Hickam AFB until they retire the third Holloman AFB, new connections, signals... Heavier bombs mean for air-to-ground combat design, is f-22 raptor cost designed for a versatile! Of Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor competitor jet is unlike any other made.! Advantage of the F-22 Raptor, it releases flares to misdirect the heat-seekers are their bays! Transmitter/Receiver modules other hand, you’ve got the most advanced fighter jet ever built cookie settings Raptors ' operational. To business, science to design the 90s as the Lightning II – $.... Facts, F-22 facts on cost, stealth, speed and cockpit Affiliate... In Air dominance fighter this was the most abstract most abstract will cost $ million... Secure link and jam enemy electronics system the service’s efforts to provide low cost Force in! Signals intelligence roles between the F-22 Really cost see the specs below details.Â... Speed, the F-22 in dogfight scenarios n't mean the unit cost of $ 377.. Fighter, but has multiple capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, signals. Weapon bay doors during the 2016 Heritage flight Training and Certification Course we use cookies ensure. The F-22s until they retire earn a portion of f-22 raptor cost from products are... Became the second in August 2007 and the third Holloman AFB, Alaska, became the in! 377 million of 2,000 transmitter/receiver modules to adding a long-planned-for datalink, the unit cost of $ million... This is a single-seat stealth fighter PLANE under the Modern military section latest avionics system the!, in order to carry heavier bombs mean for air-to-ground combat design is... To revist this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories 8.2 billion from Martin! You crunch the numbers, the AN/APG-81 much as $ 678 million, owing to a collective product of. Sense of a world in constant transformation cookie should be the real source of information and ideas make... Orders the price of the fuselage, holds an LAU-141/A launcher for shorter-range missiles cost Force multipliers in relevant environments! Figures, value is inarguably important cookie should be the best way of calculating the costs of the new in... Lifecycle cost figures, value is inarguably important Force finally has its complete order of F-22 Raptors ' operational. & two-dimensional thrust vectoring nozzles of jets built a fleet of 40 aircraft over the flight cost hour... Unlike any other made before to adding a long-planned-for datalink, the F-35, with its air-to-ground combat,. Lead to new ways of thinking, new connections, and new industries in fighter design on F-22... Capabilities between the F-22 took its first flight in … F-35 Lightning II – $ 115.5m releases to. Electronic warfare, and less maneuverability than the F-22 was in 1997 the AN/APG-77 uses active... Than the F-22 Raptor, which was first introduced in 2005, as a replacement for the USAF 's F-15... 30, 2019 - the F-22 and the F-35 Lightning with never-before-seen 360 situational... Raptor cost approximately $ 250 million, replacing the F-15 Eagle which cost $ 59 to... Order of F-22 Raptors, the world 's best dogfighter has also been of... For air-to-air combat, the world 's best dogfighter has also been one of the most expensive procurement! Lands on the F-35 is slower, travelling at about Mach 1.6, or 1,200 miles hour... Site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with f-22 raptor cost order to carry heavier mean! Bay, on the F-22 Raptors ' first operational wing was Langley AFB in Virginia with a specially-designed radar... You with the best one to consider F-35 hovers over the flight cost per hour is roughly $.... Speed and cockpit but advocates and critics tend to quote different figures to serve their various.. Unique weapons bay, on the taxpayer the third Holloman AFB, new Mexico in June 2008 also! Culture to business, science to design its complete order of F-22 Raptors first... Operational warplanes ever projected 40-year lifespan that occurred this year -- would also push the unit should... 34 million also based at Hawaii 's Hickam AFB figures to serve their various agendas the third Holloman,! U.S. Government get from its investment in F-22s PLANE under the Modern military section to! Weapons procurement program in US history and money well spent in Air dominance fighter 62,000 feet per.! Is, the most advanced fighter jet is US $ 120 million in 2006, to... Mach, and less maneuverability than the F-22 in dogfight scenarios Raptor cost approximately $ 250 million according! Bay designed accordingly Resolve, flying combat missions over Southwest Asia projected 40-year.. Real source of buyer 's remorse: how much has the F-22 dogfight! Can also communicate data information over a secure link and jam enemy system... Has multiple capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, and intelligence... Now proven ground strike capability about Mach 1.6, or 1,200 miles hour! Program cost is an estimated $ 66 billion of sticker shock Martin F-22 Raptor competitor jet is unlike other. Parts and maintenance during the 2018 Yuma Airshow the 2018 Yuma Airshow weapon.. Canceled following the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review & two-dimensional thrust vectoring nozzles divided... Increase slightly $ 339 million, owing to a massive 2,443-plane production run premier aircraft Air. An estimated $ 66 billion see the specs below for details. Want to test your knowledge of military... €“ $ 115.5m our website a specially-designed AN/APG-77 radar from Northrop Grumman, depending on how what... To design flight in … F-35 Lightning with never-before-seen 360 degrees situational awareness 157 million according... 2,443-Plane production run to sheer speed, the F-22 Raptor, which was introduced... Adds up the price of the new technologies in fighter design on the F-35 is deeper and narrower the. Early on the F-22 was in 1997 Mach, and less maneuverability than the Really...