Singh. [21] He was, however, afraid of Antigonus and fled to Egypt with 50 horsemen. This decision may have been Antigonus' idea. Polyaenus reports that the troops of Seleucus and Antigonus fought for a whole day, but when night came the battle was still undecided. [51] Only short extracts remain of Megasthenes' description of the journey. Seleucus had a daughter by Stratonice, who was also called Phila. The next event connected to Seleucus was the founding of the city of Seleucia. The new Seleucia was supposed to become his new naval base and a gateway to the Mediterranean. Seleucus I Nicator, also spelled Seleukos Nikator (“Conqueror”), (born c. 358 bce, Europus, Macedonia—died August/September 281, near Lysimachia, Thrace), Macedonian army officer who founded the Seleucid kingdom.In the struggles following the death of Alexander the Great, he rose from governor of Babylon to king of an empire centring on Syria and Iran. He then superseded Peucestas as satrap of Persia. Antigonus' troops slept without their equipment. [11], War soon broke out between Perdiccas and the other Diadochi. Perdiccas and his troops followed him to Egypt, whereupon Ptolemy conspired with the satrap of Media, Peithon, and the commander of the Argyraspides, Antigenes, both serving as officers under Perdiccas, and assassinated him. of the Maurya dynasty. Seleucus returned to Cyprus, where Ptolemy I had sent his brother Menelaos along with 10,000 mercenaries and 100 ships. Antigonus was a general under Alexander and one of the most powerful of the Diadochi. General under Alexander the Great; Satrap of BABYLON; Basileus; eponym of SELEUCID Empire. HRE Ferdinand I's 55-Great Grandfather. Eumenes was defeated and executed. Seleucus was a general in Alexander III the Great's army. Antigonus executed Blitor, the new satrap of Mesopotamia, for helping Seleucus. However, after the outbreak of the Wars of the Diadochi in 322, Perdiccas' military failures against Ptolemy in Egypt led to the mutiny of his troops in Pelusium. He left Seleucus with a small number of troops to prevent Eumenes from reaching the Mediterranean. [42] The Maurya king might have married the daughter of his Greek rival. Nicanor escaped with only a few men. Also, an Indian Puranic source, the Pratisarga Parva of the Bhavishya Purana, also described the marriage of Chandragupta with a Greek ("Yavana") princess, daughter of Seleucus (Suluva[49] in Indian sources). A great majority of his own troops were from these provinces. [29], After becoming once again satrap of Babylon, Seleucus became much more aggressive in his politics. [13], At Triparadisos the soldiers had become mutinous and were planning to murder their master Antipater. Seleucus nominated his son Antiochus I as his co-ruler and viceroy of the eastern provinces in 292 BC, the vast extent of the empire seeming to require a double government. It is reported that Seleucus complained about the number of letters he received and was forced to read. [35][37], A story of the founding of the city goes as follows: Seleucus asked the Babylonian priests which day would be best to found the city. Lysimachus ruled Macedonia, Thracia and Asia Minor. Directed by H.M. Reddy. By the terms of the treaty, Seleucus surrebderred his territories in Afghanistan - Herat, Kandhar, and the Kabul valley - to Chandragupta Maurya. Perdiccas' opponents gathered in Triparadisos, where the empire of Alexander was partitioned again (the Treaty of Triparadisus 321 BC). [35][39] Seleucus, like the other four principal Macedonian chiefs, assumed the title and style of basileus (king). No Seleucid coins were struck in India thereafter and confirm the reversal of territory west of the Indus to Chandragupta. Seleucus I Nicator (May 25, 358 BC-September 21, 279 BC) was a Merdanian officer and soldier of Alexander the Great and later, one of the Diadochi. The Mahavamsa states Chandragupta married a daughter of Seleucus, named Berenice. Some of Evagoras' troops were Persian. The Babylonian priesthood had great influence over the region. Seleucus and Menelaos began to besiege Kition. Seleucus hid his armies in the marshes that surrounded the area where Nicanor was planning to cross the Tigris and made a surprise attack during the night. In 299 BC, Seleucus allied with Demetrius and married his daughter Stratonice. Singh), is left in charge by Alexander. It was during 305 BC when Seleucus’s army met with Chandra Gupta Maurya’s in a battle where Seleucus was defeated. [18], Antigonus spent the winter of 316 BC in Media, whose ruler was once again Peithon. His strength was in his war elephants and in traditional Persian cavalry. On the other hand, he was accepted by other satraps of the eastern provinces. Seleucus did not reach Bactria and Sogdiana. (3) Satrap at Partition of Babylon, SixteenthDynasty [60] Seleucus was thus able to get Stratonice out of the way, as her father Demetrius had now become king of Macedonia. Babylon was soon left in the shadow of Seleucia, and the story goes that Antiochus, the son of Seleucus, moved the whole population of Babylon to his father's namesake capital in 275 BC. In the Wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander's death, Seleucus established the Seleucian Empire and the Seleucian Dynasty. Achaeus (Ancient Greek: Ἀχαιός; flourished 3rd century BC) was a Greek Macedonian nobleman and was the second son born to King and founder of the Seleucid Empire Seleucus I Nicator and Persian noblewoman Apama I.Achaeus was of Greek and Persian descent. This battle is only mentioned in Stratagems in War by Polyaenus. But almost immediately, the wars between the Diadochi resumed and Antigonus[C] forced Seleucus to flee Babylon. Stratonice was also the daughter of Antipater's daughter Phila. The reasons that led to the battle Historians mention that it was Chandragupta Maurya’s love for Helen, the daughter of Seleucus Nikator that led to the war between the two emperors. [35], The war elephants Seleucus received from Chandragupta proved to be useful when the Diadochi finally decided to deal with Antigonus. Evagoras fell in the beginning of the battle and Nicanor was cut off from his forces. As we all know Chandragupta Maurya’s life starting from his birth to Death is full of controversies,and same goes with the Story of Chandragupta Maurya and Helena. He was also nominated an honorary citizen of Athens. Ptolemy now had an opportunity to invade Syria, where he defeated Demetrius, the son of Antigonus, in the battle of Gaza in 312 BC. Seleucus entered the Punjab, but after humiliating defeats in 302 BC, was forced to conclude a peace with Chandragupta, by which he ceded large districts of what is now Afghanistan, and his daughter Helen as a "hostage-concubine", to Chandragupta. [3] By the time of the Indian campaigns beginning in late in 327 BC, he had risen to the command of the élite infantry corps in the Macedonian army, the "Shield-bearers" (Hypaspistai, later known as the "Silvershields"). Just a year before his birth (if the year 358 BC is accepted as the most likely date), the Paeonians invaded the region. A cult of personality formed around the later members of the Seleucid dynasty and Seleucus was later worshipped as a son of Zeus Nikator. He had already prepared this campaign using the numerous gifts presented to him. [58], Lysimachus and Ptolemy had supported Seleucus against Demetrius, but after the latter's defeat the alliance started to break apart. Seleucus' Babylon was surrounded by Peucestas, the satrap of Persis; Antigenes, the new satrap of Susiana and Peithon of Media. Didymeia might refer to the oracle of Apollo in Didyma near Miletus. [63], (2) Satrap at Partition of Babylon; possibly Nicanor of Stageira Demetrius' troops now started to abandon their leader en masse. Seleucus was succeeded by his son Antiochus I as ruler of the Seleucid empire. It is told that Chaldean astrologers prophesied to Antigonus that Seleucus would become master of Asia and would kill Antigonus. It was told that Seleucus' sons and grandsons also had similar birthmarks. Additionally, a marriage alliance between the two empires was formalized with Chandragupta marrying the Seleucid Princess Berenice (Suvarnnaksi in Pali). He showed himself in front of the soldiers and removed his helmet, revealing his identity. Some authors claim that the argument relating to Seleucus handing over more of what is now southern Afghanistan is an exaggeration originating in a statement by Pliny the Elder referring not specifically to the lands received by Chandragupta, but rather to the various opinions of geographers regarding the definition of the word "India":[47], Most geographers, in fact, do not look upon India as bounded by the river Indus, but add to it the four satrapies of the Gedrose, the Arachotë, the Aria, and the Paropamisadë, the River Cophes thus forming the extreme boundary of India. [9] Seleucus' Royal Hypaspistai were constantly under Alexander's eye and at his disposal. The fleet was too small to defeat Rhodes, but it was big enough to force Asander, the satrap of Caria, to ally with Ptolemy. Justin claims he was 77 years old during the battle of Corupedium, which would place his year of birth at 358 BC. He opened the flood barriers of the river, but the resulting flood did not stop Eumenes. Also the passage of Arrian explaining that Megasthenes lived in Arachosia with the satrap Sibyrtius, from where he travelled to India to visit Chandragupta Maurya, goes against the notion that Arachosia was under Maurya rule: Megasthenes lived with Sibyrtius, satrap of Arachosia, and speaks of his often visiting Sandracottus, the king of the Indians. Both sides fortified their borders. [3], Seleucus soon turned his attention once again eastward. Seleucus' friends who had stayed in Babylon were released from captivity. It seems certain, however, that the Babylonian priesthood was against Seleucus.[22]. Ancient sources do not mention what happened to these troops. He also did not know when Antigonus would begin his counterattack. Post Her Death, Seleucus Married Stratonice of Syria. On the other hand, he knew that at least two eastern provinces did not have a satrap. [45][46] This would tend to be corroborated archaeologically, as concrete indications of Mauryan influence, such as the inscriptions of the Edicts of Ashoka which are known to be located in, for example, Kandhahar in today's southern Afghanistan. [41], The two rulers seem to have been on very good terms, as classical sources have recorded that following their treaty, Chandragupta sent various presents such as aphrodisiacs to Seleucus.[52][53]. Also Seleucus sent an Ambassador, Megasthanese (& perhaps a big Greek entourage, to keep company with Helen). He was apparently a popular ruler. He is opposed by Ugrasen (Santhanam), the king of Udaygiri and the founder (321 B.C.) Timothy's Swedish line, which came to Iowa in the USA, came directly from Sweden where they can be traced back to the sea kings of Uppsala, Sweden in about 500 AD. Just like Peithon and Seleucus, Eumenes was one of the former supporters of Perdiccas. Boiy "The Reigns of the Seleucid Kings According the Babylonian King List. As we all know Chandragupta Maurya’s  life starting from his birth to Death is full of controversies,and same goes with the Story of Chandragupta Maurya and Helena. Learn how your comment data is processed. The historical accuracy of the story is questionable.[35][36]. When Chandragupta Maurya expressed his desire to marry Helena to Chanakya, he said it would only be possible if he wars Selecus Nicator – Helena’s father and put pressure on him. Seleucus also appointed Megasthenes as his ambassador to the Mauryan court. This contrasts Craterus, Hephaistion, Peithon and Leonnatus – each of whom had sizable detachments under his control. Post the war, Chandragupta Maurya married Helena. It seems that the scale of Nicanor's defeat was not clear to all parties. Cassander, Seleucus and Lysimachus defeated Antigonus and Demetrius in the battle of Ipsus. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Archon waged war against him, but fell in battle. Seleucus, being Macedonian, had the ability to gain the trust of the Macedonians among his troops, which was not the case with Eumenes. She held great respect among the Macedonian army but lost some of this when she had Philip III and his wife Eurydice killed as well as many nobles whom she took revenge upon for supporting Antipater during his long reign. [20] In the summer of 315 BC Antigonus arrived in Babylon and was warmly welcomed by Seleucus. He escaped to Media, but his opponents did not follow him and rather returned to Susiana. His general Perdiccas became the regent of all of Alexander's empire, while Alexander's physically and mentally disabled half-brother Arrhidaeus was chosen as the next king under the name Philip III of Macedon. [58], The unpopularity of Lysimachus after the murder of Agathocles gave Seleucus an opportunity to remove his last rival. In Lemnos he was celebrated as a liberator and a temple was built to honour him. [43] According to Strabo, the ceded territories bordered the Indus: The geographical position of the tribes is as follows: along the Indus are the Paropamisadae, above whom lies the Paropamisus mountain: then, towards the south, the Arachoti: then next, towards the south, the Gedroseni, with the other tribes that occupy the seaboard; and the Indus lies, latitudinally, alongside all these places; and of these places, in part, some that lie along the Indus are held by Indians, although they formerly belonged to the Persians. In Babylon, Peithon's commander, Diphilus, barricaded himself in the city's fortress. Chinnappa, Kali N. Rathnam, C.S.D. Antigonus, however, discovered the plot and executed Peithon. Here we bring you the  Story of Chandragupta Maurya and Helena as suggested in history :-, The serial Chandra Nandni showed that Chandragupta sees Helena when he managed to  gets into the army of Alexander. Inspiring: Sikhs are providing food to Yazidis, Syrian refugees in war zone, Follow do’s and don’ts tips to enjoy a safe Diwali Festival. Sibyrtius, satrap of Arachosia, saw the situation as hopeless and returned to his own province. According to other writers, however, all these territories, are reckoned as belonging to the country of the Aria. Perdiccas was betrayed and assassinated in a conspiracy by Seleucus, Peithon and Antigenes in Pelusium sometime in either 321 or 320 BC. #USPresidentialDebate Viewers reaction on social media, Chandra Nandini – Is it Real or mare a fiction for TRP, Mahalaya Amavasya | Amavasi | Pitru Paksha 2020 – Gratitude to Past Generations,Significance,Date &Time, Little known facts about Munshi Premchand – Upanyas Samrat of Hindi Literature, Onam 2020- Date and Timing, History,Celebrations,images,wishes, Sath Nibhana Sathiya new Hilarious Comedy Song “Ye Rashi Thi” is a new stress buster, Trideviyaan : Sab TV Serial Review,Trailer,Story&Timing, Top 10 Novels of Munshi premchand- Must Read, Rising Star 2018 voting app system, App name to download, register and vote, Rising Star 2018 First Episode Contestants names and their Performance Review. [38], The struggle among the Diadochi reached its climax when Antigonus, after the extinction of the old royal line of Macedonia, proclaimed himself king[3] in 306 BC. Antigonus became angry and demanded that Seleucus give him the income from the province, which Seleucus refused to do. Demetrius was finally imprisoned in Apameia and died a few years later in captivity. Chandragupta, however, followed Jainism until the end of his life.He got in his court for marriage the daughter of Seleucus Nicator, Helen, and thus, he mixed the Indians and the Greeks.His grandson Ashoka, as Woodcock and other scholars have suggested, "may in fact have been half or at least a quarter Greek.". Later, Seleucus named a number of cities after his parents. From 312 BC, Seleucus ruthlessly expanded his dominions and eventually conquered the Persian and Median lands. He finally had about 3,000 soldiers. The description of the year 310 BC has completely disappeared. It has also been suggested that Ptolemy (son of Seleucus) was actually the uncle of Seleucus.[7]. Seleucus' father, Antiochus, was already a general for Alexander's father, Philip II. [28], Even though Seleucus now had about 20,000 soldiers, they were not enough to withstand the forces of Antigonus. Evagoras, the satrap of Aria, was allied with him. Durdhara was the first wife and mother of Bindusara. Alexander IV, still a young child, and his mother Roxane were held guarded at Amphipolis and died under mysterious circumstances in 310 BC, probably murdered at the instigation of Cassander to allow the diadochs to assume the title of king. The dagger entered my body a few inches below my heart. [30], Antigonus sent his son Demetrius along with 15,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to reconquer Babylon. The validity of this story is also questionable, as the Graeco-Egyptian Serapis had not been invented at the time. [8] During the subsequent Battle of the Hydaspes (326 BC), Seleucus led his troops against the elephants of King Porus. Lysimachus executed his son Agathocles, whose wife Lysandra escaped to Babylon to Seleucus. Seleucus I Nicator was one of the Diadochi (the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death). After the defeat of Nikanor's army, there was no force in the east that could have opposed Seleucus. Your email address will not be published. Peithon had lost a large number of troops, but Seleucus had even fewer soldiers. His Iranian wife, Apama, may have helped him implement his rule in Bactria and Sogdiana . Seleucus also transferred the mint of Babylon to his new city. — Strabo 15.2.9[44]. Name variations: Stratoniki or Stratonike. [34], We do know that Seleucus defeated Antigonus in at least one decisive battle. Perhaps Nicanor had not told him that Seleucus now had at least 20,000 soldiers. [33] Antigonus' army had at least 80,000 soldiers. Antigonus, who had been in Asia Minor while Seleucus had been in the east with Alexander, could not use Alexander in his own propaganda. Diodorus Siculus reports that Seleucus also conquered other nearby areas, which might refer to Persis, Aria or Parthia. One of Seleucus' major battles was the Battle of the Hydaspes in 326 BC. Seleucus' victories against Antigonus and Lysimachus left the Seleucid dynasty virtually unopposed amongst the Diadochi. Cornelius Nepos mentions that Seleucus also took part in this conspiracy, but this is not certain. [50], In addition to this matrimonial recognition or alliance, Seleucus dispatched an ambassador, Megasthenes, to the Mauryan court at Pataliputra (Modern Patna in Bihar state). Because of his lack of troops, Seleucus apparently had no plans to actually stop Eumenes. Peithon's lust for power had grown, and he tried to get a portion of Antigonus' troops to revolt to his side. Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Cassander and Seleucus soon followed. According to one of them, he had in a dream seen Alexander standing beside him. Seleucus made Seleucia his new capital, thus imitating Lysimachus, Cassander and Antigonus, all of whom had named cities after themselves. Seleucus also founded six smaller cities. The city was built on the shore of the Tigris probably in 307 or 305 BC. He understood Syria to encompass the region from the Taurus mountains to Sinai, but Ptolemy had already conquered Palestine and Phoenicia. Shortly before dawn, Seleucus' troops attacked the forces of Antigonus, who were still without their weapons and in disarray and thus easily defeated. The god had left a ring with a picture of an anchor as a gift to Laodice. Rising Star 2017 Judges, Hosts: Participate in live vot... Sabse Bada Kalakar: Sony TV’s Kids Talent Hunt sh... Chandra Nandini-Not so historical, Fictional character Nandini getting blamed for Durdhara’s Death. [15], After the death of Antipater in 319 BC, the satrap of Media began to expand his power. The satraps in Susa had apparently accepted Eumenes' claims of his fighting on behalf of the lawful ruling family against the usurper Antigonus. According to a local custom, Seleucus was always offered an extra cup of wine during dinner time. The assassination of Seleucus destroyed Seleucid prospects in Thrace and Macedon, and paved the way for Ptolemy Ceraunus to absorb much of Lysimachus' former power in Macedon. Antigonus and Eumenes had two encounters during 316 BC, in the battles of Paraitacene and Gabiene. Several other powerful men supported Perdiccas, including Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Peithon and Eumenes. It was said Antiochus told his son before he left to battle the Persians with Alexander that his real father was actually the god Apollo. [14] For betraying Perdiccas, Seleucus was awarded the rich province of Babylon. Which is best smartphone in 6GB RAM category? Alex and Seleucus went way back. Perdiccas, however, had plans to supersede Archon and nominate Docimus as his successor. On the other hand, based on their names, Seleucus apparently founded a number of new cities in Asia Minor. Demetrius invaded and easily conquered Cilicia in 286 BC, which meant that Demetrius was now threatening the most important regions of Seleucus' empire in Syria. ", Debated by Tarn, "The Greeks in Bactria and India", p. 100, Hindu Nationalism, A Reader, by Christopher Jeffrelot, Princeton University Press, 2007. Greek general Seleucus Nicator, her called Minander (C.S.D. As their alliance happened after a war treaty, so mostly it is written that ‘the marriage’ was a political alliance between the two states, but a few back the view that they were already in love . 358 BC Died: 281 BC murdered. His plans were disturbed, however, by Ptolemy, who made a surprise attack in Cilicia. Seleucus and Antigonus, however, prevented this. On Kautilya's advice, Chandragupta married the daughter of Seleucus, Helen. of the Maurya dynasty. Eumenes and his army were north of Babylon; Antigonus was following him with an even larger army; Peithon was in Media and his opponents in Susiana. Seleucus had prepared his return to Babylon well. Seleucus had to act. After Queen Apama died, Seleucus remarried, this time with the daughter of king Demetrius Poliorcetes of Syria. The satrap of the former was Stasanor, who had remained neutral during the conflicts. Foreign Influence on Ancient India, Krishna Chandra Sagar, Northern Book Centre, 1992, "And Theophrastus says that some contrivances are of wondrous efficacy in such matters [as to make people more amorous]. Seleucus ordered his forces to sleep and eat breakfast in battle formation. [4], A number of legends, similar to those told of Alexander the Great, were told of Seleucus. In theory, Polyperchon was still the lawful successor of Antipater and the official regent of the Macedonian kingdom. Eusebius of Caesarea, however, mentions the age of 75, and thus the year 356 BC, making Seleucus the same age as Alexander the Great. Several anecdotes of Seleucus' life became popular in the classical world. Antigonus was now the most powerful of the Diadochi, and the others would soon have to face him. Nevertheless, it is usually considered today that Arachosia and the other three regions did become dominions of the Mauryan Empire. It is unknown what exactly happened. Who is Dhinchak Pooja and why is she getting so popular? At the start, Chandragupta acquired northern parts which were under the Nanda rule, and then he declared war against Nicator in … The night and continue in the west empire, but fell in Indian. To prevent Eumenes from reaching the Mediterranean empire was once again in turmoil times before the death of spread! 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