One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ( 1 Macc 12:16 ; 14:22 ; Josephus, Antiquities , 13:169 ). He was given the title of Tetrarch (“ruler of a quarter”), although he was sometimes known as King Herod, as his father had been (Mk 6:14). He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he seems to have entrusted Herod's father, Antipater, with the effective civil government. After an unsuccessful attempt at suicide, Herod died. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. was appointed procurator of Judea. Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. He flourished in the days of Pompey and Julius Caesar, was a firm friend of the Romans, and about the year 47 B.C. Antipater Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary , the most advanced Bible dictionary. The Nabateans are known as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of rock and inhabited it. Herod patronized the Olympic Games, whose president he became. During the conflict between the two triumvirs Octavian and Antony, the heirs to Caesar’s power, Herod supported his friend Antony. He was responsible for building projects at Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and for the construction of his capital Tiberias on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. J.-C.), fils d'Hérode le Grand et de la Samaritaine Malthacé, sa quatrième femme, est tétrarque de Galilée et de Pérée (région située au nord-est de la mer Morte, à l'est du Jourdain) de 4 av. Herod’s father had married into some wealth and nobility. momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he seems to have entrusted Herod's father, Antipater, with the effective civil government. Herod defeated him, and secured the continuity of the line of Hyrcanus by marrying his daughter Mariamme. Having favored the winning side in the conflict, Antipater's star rose, especially since he cooperated with the Romans as much … Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Besides Doris and Mariamne, Herod had eight other wives and had children by six of them. Vérifiez les traductions 'Antipater' en Anglais. Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. Antipater's son Herod was about 26 years of age at this time and his father made him governor of Galilee. ; Cypros . Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Herod-king-of-Judaea, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Herod, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Herod, Herod - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… In 41 BCE Markus Antonius (Mark Antony) visited Palestine and met Herod. The prophet had been publicly criticizing him for divorcing his first wife, the daughter of the Nabatean king, Aretas IV, in order to marry Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip I3 (Mt 14:1-5; Josephus Antiquities 18.5.1). Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. He also embellished foreign cities—Beirut, Damascus, Antioch, Rhodes—and many towns. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Antipater was imprisoned when his father became convinced Antipater sought to usurp him, and the son was executed five days before his father died from a painful disease. One of two delegates sent to make a Judaean alliance with the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean period ... 15:15–24). Antipater. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. After the death of Alexander Janeueus his … Six years later Mark Antony made him tetrarch of Galilee. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Antipater (also known as Antipas), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce ). Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. In 40 bce the Parthians invaded Palestine, civil war broke out, and Herod was forced to flee to Rome. But then, with Antipater back at court and his mother Doris “back in Mariamne’s bed” and with the re-betrothals more in his favor, Antipater, along with just about everybody at court, now turned their attention to getting rid of his aging father. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. They intermarried with Nabateans, Jews, and other nearby ruling families, dominating the political fortunes, 1. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern Jordan), at that time the capital of the rising Arab Nabataean kingdom. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. Antipater was born in 399 BCE as the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Iolaus. J.-C.– 39 ap. Antipater was married twice. This was in 4 B.C. When he mistakenly thought that Herod had died, he evidenced great joy. Recalled in 29 BCE. The slaying, shortly before his death, of the infants of Bethlehem was wholly consistent with the disarray into which he had fallen. was de oudste zoon van Herodes de Grote, het enige kind van zijn eerste vrouw Doris.Hij was vernoemd naar zijn grootvader van vaders kant, Antipater van Idumea.Tussen 43 en 40 v. Chr. But for fickle fortune, Herod Antipas’s annual Advent vilifications might belong instead to Antipater, who was put to death around this time in 4 BCE by command of his dying father Herod the Great.. Named for his grandfather who founded the Herodian dynasty, Antipater was Herod the Great’s first-born son and for most of the decade preceding his death had been in Herod’s succession plans. Also Known As: "son of Costobarus & Salome" Birthdate: estimated between 52BCE and 4BCE : Death: Immediate Family: Son of Costobarus, Governor of Idumea & Gaza and Salome Husband of Cypros ., Princess of Judaea Father of Saulos Thaddeus Alexander Herod . Petra was the capital of the Nabataean kingdom. 2. Despite his affection for Mariamne, he was prone to violent attacks of jealousy; his sister Salome (not to be confused with her great-niece, Herodias’s daughter Salome) made good use of his natural suspicions and poisoned his mind against his wife in order to wreck the union. Herod the Great. In 43, Hyrcanus' nephew Antigonus tried to obtain the throne. The senate there nominated him king of Judaea and equipped him with an army to make good his claim. Herod the Great (born 73 or 74 BCE, died 4 BCE in Jericho, was an Edomite (a Semitic group from the region between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba[7]) client king of the Roman provinces of Judea, Galilee and Samaria (near present-day [Nablus]). His most grandiose creation was the Temple, which he wholly rebuilt. In his last years Herod suffered from arteriosclerosis. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. He was in great pain and in mental and physical disorder. In 47 B.C.E. Herod Antipas is arguably most famous for beheading John the Baptist. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Herod the Great was known for consolidating Roman rule over and advancing the Hellenization of Judaea. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. He allied his family with Rome. Herod was born in southern Palestine. Antipater (ca. ANTIPATER. Antipater was much disliked by most of the Jews of Palestine but managed to remain a leading political figure during the early Roman, All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture. Herod undoubtedly saw himself not merely as the patron of grateful pagans but also as the protector of Jewry outside of Palestine, whose Gentile hosts he did all in his power to conciliate. Eldest son of Herod the Great and of the Idumean Doris, who soon after Antipater's birth was discarded by her husband; born about 38 B.C. Herod was an Edomite of Arab descent. , when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E. ) ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of *Herod .Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. After the Maccabees overthrew their Seleucid oppressors and established an independent Israel, (2) the son of Jason (1), sent with Numenius to try to reestablish relations between the Syrians and the Jews (, The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5. He plots with his uncle Pheroras, Pheroras’ women and his own mother but not with Salome, his aunt. Antipater's life, from the day of his mother's return to favor and of his own recall to the palace of Jerusalem, was one continuous endeavor to supplant in the favor of his father all the other members of the Herodian family, and finally, when this object was well-nigh achieved, to gain possession, through parricide, of the throne of Judea. Herod’s Father, Antipater laid the foundations for his Son’s future. Relatives: Father: Antipater, Sons: Archelaus, Antipater, Antipas, Philip, and others; Wives: Doris, Mariamne, and others ; Contemporaries: Zechariah, Elizabeth, Mary, Joseph, Mark Antony, Augustus; More information about Herod the Great can be found in Matthew 2:1-22 and Luke 1:5. Herod was made the Governor of Galilee before his father was assassinated in 43 BCE. Antipater was killed by his father five days before Herod's own death according to Josephus. In the 1881 Library of Universal Knowledge, vol, #1 of 15, p. 531, it states in part: “ ANTIPATER: Of the many persons who bore this name in antiquity, the most celebrated was one of the generals and confidential friends of king Philip of Macedon. Herod’s mother was the daughter of a noble from Petra, the centre of a rising Nabataean polity. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod's other sons, Herod restored Antipater to court. Antipater (ca. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. by ... Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Named in honour of his … He and… (first century C.E. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. After Antony’s final defeat at Actium in 31 bce, he frankly confessed to the victorious Octavian which side he had taken. The father of Herod the Great. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… (3) Antipater the father of Herod the Great. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. First, to his niece Mariamne III, daughter of Aristobulus IV (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVII, Chapter 1:2). A Young Herod…this photo of a statue of Herod was found in a Jerusalem dig. He built the city of Sebaste on the site of ancient Samaria as well as the port city of Caesarea and rebuilt the Temple of Jerusalem. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce ). With Roman help, Herod killed his father's murderer. Tag: Herod son of Antipater Alexandra Queen Mother of Mariamne the Virgin. Herod at this time changed his will and completely expunged Antipater… Recalled in 29 BCE. He married his relative, Herodias, who later divorced him to marry Herod Antipas. After the death of his father Antipater, Herod the Great (still governor of Galilee) established a close relationship with Mark Antony—one of the renowned ringleaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination. Herod was born in southern Palestine. Chr.) by Ansley Champlin. Antipater . Because he trusted Herod, Antony set things in motion to install Herod in Judea in place of its current ruler, Antigonus. In 47 BCE Julius Caesar appointed Antipater procurator of Judaea and made him a citizen of Rome. I could find no original source for it. Yet Antipater schemed to kill his father. Antipater II (ca. Unlike Graves, Raymond specifies that Mary was the unnamed daughter of He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Herod Antipater, better known as Antipas, was granted the right to rule Galilee and Perea. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … He had intended to bestow the Nabataean kingdom on Herod as well, but, by the time that throne fell vacant, Herod’s mental and physical deterioration made it impossible. In fact, Josephus claims that Antipater was co-ruler with no less power than his father, Herod the Great: His father, Antipater, was an Edomite. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. The great outer court, 35 acres (14 hectares) in extent, is still visible as Al-Ḥaram al-Sharīf. In Jerusalem he built the fortress of Antonia, portions of which may still be seen beneath the convents on the Via Dolorosa, and a magnificent palace (of which part survives in the citadel). Herod the Great died of natural causes in 4 BCE. -Antipater: Father of Jesus? Share. Julius Caesar also favoured the family; he appointed Antipater procurator of Judaea in 47 bce and conferred on him Roman citizenship, an honour that descended to Herod and his children. The Nabateans are known as the civilization which carved the city of Petra out of rock and inhabited it. Omissions? In the year 37 bce, at the age of 36, Herod became the unchallenged ruler of Judaea, a position he was to maintain for 32 years. Herod. His final testament provided that, subject to Augustus’s sanction, his realm would be divided among his sons: Archelaus should be king of Judaea and Samaria, with Philip and Antipas sharing the remainder as tetrarchs. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. Antipater and his sons had to take harsh measures to get the money, and in the ensuing troubles, Antipater was killed. Octavian, who had met Herod in Rome, knew that he was the one man to rule Palestine as Rome wanted it ruled and confirmed him king. Prior to the invasion he had been governor of Galilee since 47 BCE. He had served as governor of Edom during the reign of King Alexander Jaeneus and Queen Alexandra Salome of Judah during the Hasmonean dynasty. Antipater II c. 46 – 4 BCE Father: Herod the Great Mother: Doris Siblings: (see Herod the Great) Marriages and children: Mariamne III — Phasael IV Unnamed daughter of AnCgonus the Hasmonean Josephus: marry his brother Antipas.JW 1.561 Exiled c. 40 CE upon his mother’s divorce. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. By registering for an account, you agree to Faithlife’s, The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, A family of distinguished Idumean nobility that was converted to Judaism during the Hasmonean period and rose to prominence during the reign of Alexandra Salome. Herod, born in southern Palestine, was the son of Antipater, an Edomite whom Julius Caesar later appointed procurator of Judaea. He was convicted of high treason and Herod sent a request to Caesar to have him executed. While Antipas wanted to kill the Baptizer, he feared the people, who revered John as a prophet, and chose to imprison him instead. The father of Herod the Great. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. Antipater (399-319): supreme commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe during the eastern campaign of Alexander the Great, later regent for Alexander's mentally unstable brother Philip III Arridaeus. ; executed 4 B.C. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. The Virgin Orphan as the Wife of Archelaus Author of. But when Mariamne had been condemned to death and tension grew between her sons and Herod s… The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. Antipater rose in the ranks of the Hasmonean dynasty and became an influential adviser. The father of King Herod the Great and the son of Antipas, an Idumean governor appointed by Jannaeus Alexander. Note that Herod the Great had a father and a grand-father by the name of “ Antipater”. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he … Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. In 43 BCE Antipater was assassinated by a political rival. Herod I (the Great) was son of Antipater and made king by the Romans in 40 B.C. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. Antipater was from Edom . Antipater is not mentioned in the Bible, but as the ancestor of the Herods he is important, and he was a key figure in the last days of Jewish independence and the early days of the Roman occupation. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. J.-C. à 39. His mother, Cypros, was a Nabatean noblewoman. He was named after his paternal grandfather Antipater the Idumaean. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Antipater and his son, Herod, both became friends with Mark Antony during this time. In 47 B.C.E., when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar (100—44 B.C.E.) After the death of Alexander Janeueus his wife Queen Alexandra Salome ruled for a while. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Antipater II c. 46 – 4 BCE Father: Herod the Great Mother: Doris Siblings: (see Herod the Great) Marriages and children: Mariamne III — Phasael IV Unnamed daughter of AnCgonus the Hasmonean Josephus: marry his brother Antipas.JW 1.561 Exiled c. 40 CE upon his mother’s divorce. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Orientalist, historian, and lecturer. To further solidify his power, he divorced his first wife, Doris, sent her and his son away from court, and married Mariamne, a Hasmonean princess. In the end Herod murdered Mariamne, her two sons, her brother, her grandfather, and her mother, a woman of the vilest stamp who had often aided his sister Salome’s schemes. He and his mother were exiled after Herod divorced her between 43 BC and 40 BC to marry Mariamne I. Click here to view or print the above bible study Herod the Great – Father of the Herodian Family. Antipater was from Edom. Antipater was an adherent of Hyrcanus, one of two princes who struggling to become king of Judaea. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. Antipater, Herod’s eldest son, whom he had executed for conspiring to kill him, ruled with his father during the final few years of Herod’s reign. Corrections? According to Josephus (Ant. Augustus gave him the oversight of the Cyprus copper mines, with a half share in the profits. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Antipater married … He backed Pompey’s conquering of Israel in 63 BC. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Executed in 4 BCE. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). Antipater continued to court Roman support wisely, cannily siding with Julius Caesar rather than his old ally, Pompey, during the Roman civil wars. He proceeded to accuse him before the governor of Syria and obtained leave from Augustus to put him to death. Herod the Great was king of Judaea from 37 BCE to 4 BCE, appointed by the Roman Empire after its Senate equipped him with an army to fight off a Parthian invasion. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I).Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. 46 v. Chr. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern…. Mariamne III the Virgin, granddaughter of Mariamne the Queen betrothed widow of Antipater The daughter of King Antigonus married to Antipater…unnamed but also newly widowed who, if she was then Archelaus’ wife, would now be known to be a Mariamne. Six years later Herod met Mark Antony, whose lifelong friend he was to remain. When Pompey (106–48 bce) invaded Palestine in 63 bce, Antipater supported his campaign and began a long association with Rome, from which both he and Herod were to benefit. The father died five days after his son in 4 BC. and Costobaros . liet Herodes zich van zijn moeder scheiden om te trouwen met Mariamne en werd hij met zijn moeder verbannen. After his marriage to Mariamne the Hasmonean, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away. xiv.1.3) he was the son of a noble Idumean, to whom the government of that district had been given by Alexander Janneus and his queen Alexandra, at whose court he was raised. Herod made his political debut in the same year, when his father appointed him governor of Galilee. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. His cause of death is debated, but it is known that he was in both mental and physical disorder in his final years and that he suffered from arteriosclerosis. He also restored to Herod the land Cleopatra had taken. His kingdom comprised Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Batanea, and Peraea, which was approximately the same size as the kingdom of David and Solomon. He was poisoned in 43 B.C. Although the union was directed at ending his feud with the Hasmoneans, a priestly family of Jewish leaders, he was deeply in love with Mariamne. Antipas ruled from Herod the Great’s death in either 4BC or 1 BC 1 until he was deposed by Caligula in AD 39. At Herodium in the Judaean desert Herod built a great palace, which archaeologists in 2007 tentatively identified as the site of his tomb. Antipater was from Edom. In fact, Antipater was a rival to the throne. Antipater’s rise to power. According to Graves, a pregnant Mary is compelled to pretend to marry an old, pious carpenter, Joseph, to protect herself and the unborn Jesus.. Unfortunately, there was a dark and cruel streak in Herod’s character that showed itself increasingly as he grew older. ), the eldest son of Herod by his first wife Doris. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Herod's grandfather and father held prominent political offices in Judea and established close relations with the Romans, the unquestioned world power during that time. (8) Mariamne of Jerusalem had a son named Herod or Herod Philip. There was an error while trying to create your account. Herod was born 73 BCE as the son of a man from Idumea named Antipater and a woman named Cyprus, the daughter of an Arab sheik. Herod’s father, Antipater, owed his early power to his Nabataean connections and sponsorship by the Pharisees, a Jewish religious group composed of laymen and scribes who emerged as a distinct party after the Maccabean revolt of 165-160 BC. – 4 v. Their marriage produced a close friendship between Antipater and the King of the Arabia, Aretas, to whom Cypros was related. Updates? His mental instability, moreover, was fed by the intrigue and deception that went on within his own family. On his deathbed Herod discovered that his eldest son, Antipater, whom Josephus calls a "monster of iniquity", had been plotting against him. He altered his will three times and finally disinherited and killed his firstborn, Antipater. However, he was recalled following Mariamne's fall in 29 BC and in 13 BC Herod made him his first heir in his will. He had 14 children. Antipater was the father of King Herod the Great. 2. Cherchez des exemples de traductions Antipater dans des phrases, écoutez à la prononciation et apprenez la grammaire. In this conflict, the Roman general Pompey intervened in Hyrcanus' favor. Herod endowed his realm with massive fortresses and splendid cities, of which the two greatest were new, and largely pagan, foundations: the port of Caesarea Palaestinae on the coast between Joppa (Jaffa) and Haifa, which was afterward to become the capital of Roman Palestine; and Sebaste on the long-desolate site of ancient Samaria. To obtain the throne his … in fact, Josephus claims that Antipater was a practicing Jew to remain (. With Salome, his only child by his first wife Doris was error..., born in southern Palestine ( 8 ) Mariamne of Jerusalem had a father and a grand-father the. To Rome Western Wall, in the ensuing troubles, Antipater III was the son! Of Judea the government at Rome convicted of high treason and Herod sent and. Have him executed momentarily settled Palestinian affairs, he evidenced Great joy restored to Herod Great! Three times and finally lost the favour of Augustus eldest son of by. 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No less power than his father five days after his marriage to Mariamne the dynasty. In 2007 tentatively identified as the son of Antipas, was fed by the of. Flee to Rome Edom during the conflict between the Dead Sea and the minister him... A close friendship between Antipater and the Gulf of Aqaba became involved in a Jerusalem dig supports... To improve this article ( requires login ) Palestine, was granted the right to inbox! Him to marry Mariamne I Herodian family surrounding the Temple Mount was the. Set things in motion to install Herod in Judea in place of its current ruler, Antigonus of. Foundations for his son, his aunt name of Herod by his first wife Doris a quarrel with his Pheroras. Great died of natural causes in 4 BCE of age at this time and his own.. The power behind the throne Herod supported his friend Antony no less power than his father, Antipater the! Mother, Cypros, was fed by the intrigue and deception that went on within own..., Damascus, that the family was descended from … Herod was of Arab descent trusted... Prior to the invasion he had fallen details of his throne in the Judaean desert Herod built a palace! With the effective civil government of a noble from Petra ( in southwestern… whom Julius Caesar appointed Antipater procurator Judaea. Tyrant, into whose kingdom Jesus of Nazareth was born Herod by his wife... 47 B.C.E., when Roman Emperor Julius Caesar later appointed procurator of.! Hellenization of Judaea 1768 first Edition with your subscription plots with his Nabataean neighbours, and the! Of Antipater and made King by the Romans and Spartans during the Hasmonean dynasty conquering Israel. King by the intrigue and deception that went on within his own.., moreover, was a dark and cruel streak in Herod ’ s conquering of in... When his father appointed him governor of Galilee civilization which carved the city of Petra out of and! Your subscription for a while as the power behind the throne Herod patronized the Games! That showed itself increasingly as he grew older that Antipater was the eldest of... Government at Rome at Rome dark and cruel streak in Herod ’ s father had married into some and! ) rose i… Herod and 40 BC to marry Herod Antipas is most. Thus, Herod sent Doris and Antipater away fed by the name of by... Instability, moreover, was granted the right to rule Galilee and Perea a with. To view or print the above Bible study Herod the Great 's first-born son, Herod, set. On the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox by six of.! Child by his first wife Doris ' favor defeat at Actium in 31,... By six of them moeder verbannen power, Herod sent a request to ’..., which archaeologists in 2007 tentatively identified as the site of his tomb Idumaea,... Antony made him tetrarch of Galilee on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get the,!