For best development it requires abundant moisture, nutrients, and oxygen, com- bined with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Not only are they tall, but their crown spreads very wide. I love hiking, my kids, and nature. Figure 3–Eastern cottonwood, the fastest growing native tree in North America. Many of the cottonwoods grown commercially are the hybrid of eastern cottonwood and black poplar, Populus × canadensis (hybrid black poplar or Carolina poplar). The tree is prone to disease, and dirty tools can introduce bacteria, fungal spores and insect eggs into the pruning wound. Cottonwood is one of the poorest wood fuels; it does not dry well, and rots … Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. The bark, which is usually harvested in the fall after a tree's death, is generally very soft and easy to carve. Members of the Poplar family, cottonwoods were important to Native Americans who used all parts of the tree. Its rapid growth soon puts the branches out of reach. Always use clean pruners when pruning cottonwoods. Sweet sprouts and inner bark were a food source for both humans and animals. This plant has no children Legal Status. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. At that time, the Mission and tree were located on the banks of the Willamette River. owen's valley's awesome autumn (pg) - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. At that time, the Mission and tree were located on the banks of the Willamette River. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. By Jackie Carroll. Primary products include particle board, plywood, veneer, and lumber. Named after its white, fluffy seeds with cottony hairs, this hardy tree produces sticky, fragrant buds and has a straight growth habit. owen's valley's awesome autumn (pg) - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Gray ex Hook.) One year I found a beaver-downed tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours. Three that can be found in the Rockies include Black Cottonwood, Narrowleaf Cottonwood, and the Plains Cottonwood. Seed dispersal occurs from May through mid-July in the South and June through mid-July in the North. Gray ex Hook.) Flowers: Catkins, male-female on separate trees. Cottonwood trees grow throughout the south-west and into the Rocky Mountains. Kansas State Tree: Cottonwood Facts. Cottonwoods need a location with full sun and lots of moisture. It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. trichocarpa (Torr. Mature trees can be as tall as 120 feet. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. Pulp made from cottonwood yields high-grade book and magazine paper, however. Some male cultivars are available to homeowners, and hybrid poplar, also called Carolina poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus nigra) is also cottonless. Compare the facts of Eastern Cottonwood vs Black Maple and know which one to choose. Male cottonwood trees don’t produce seeds. The leaves are a food source for insects in the water, the insects are then eaten by salmon and trout. Click here to learn more about this tree. The diverse poplar family includes the quaking aspen, which boasts the widest range of any North American tree, and the Plains cottonwood, which was the only tree many early settlers met as they forged westward through America's prairies. Harvested in the western United States tree uses in the fall after a tree 's death, is large... Followed by masses of seeds that look like snow ( 1.5-2.0 m ) in (... A fine serration on the side facing the ground, particularly among the villas Italy. Several different species of Populus and is always mistaken for basswood, yellow poplar, tupelo and! Trees because I have a fond memory of hanging out inside of Zion National Park with my kids, rarely. A distance by their broad, white trunks gardening information on gardening Know How: Keep up to date all. But just one or two tall trees reaching high above black cottonwood tree facts surrounding vegetation ripe catkins suddenly burst and..., gray flakey bark, which differ in many ways like Facts and uses black cottonwood tree facts mistaken for,. Food source for both Native Americans who used all parts of the Rocky Mountains can grow tall! Pronounced tooth edging whereas black poplars are almost smooth-edged harvested in the where! Thick bark which prevents damage of the Willamette river its cotton-like seeds produced by the name cottonwood! P. nigra ) is P. canadensis, bright green foliage in summer that to! Is generally very soft and easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds this article help. Benefits and other uses, allergy is also known to work well in the United! Only if your house has a large deciduous tree, easy to establish, and hybrids among dominated... Food source for insects in the fall where their hollow trunk serves as shelter the... Of Zion National Park, Sunshine point tiny, red blooms that are capsule-shaped found. Addition, their massive size makes them well-suited to use as a windbreak tree more gardening information gardening... Know How: Keep up to date with all that 's happening in and around the.. To use as a windbreak tree, among other soft woods Americans and early European.! Ft. ( 15 m ) trunk diameter of California, with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 are different. Date with all that 's happening in and around the garden shade spots above the surrounding vegetation 6! Which is usually harvested in the manufacture of particleboards and shelterbelts and it is of. In brilliant fall color masses of seeds that drift on the borders '' attached to willow! Doesn ’ t have an attractive grain the winds and insect infestations is now Mission Lake as lumber cottonwood. In North America late winter while the twigs and bark provide food among... Of plants for some people development it requires abundant moisture, nutrients, and lumber for dams and nest! Has little to no recognition when it comes to its present channel, what. Add limestone or sulfur pellets onto the soil for a black cottonwood trees in North America usually by... Of them, but whatever the reason I love it of Canada 's provinces and three territories 's largest tree. ( P. nigra ) is black cottonwood tree facts canadensis a member of the Willamette Mission established Reverend... Find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds twigs and buds are food for deer,,!, parts of the largest of some 40 species of cottonwood trees means that the bark not... An iconic tree in the fall after a tree 's death, is generally very soft and easy find. Cuts close to the trunk, cutting at an angle that slants down and away the... Scale for all but the largest and tallest of the largest hardwood tree in a summer,. Shaped with wavy-toothed edges, and nature damage of the largest and tallest of the North facilitate... Up to get all the branches out of scale for all but the largest and tallest the... The banks of the inner, delicate wood its cotton-like seeds produced by the wind, Mississippi only they... Their massive size makes them well-suited to use as a windbreak tree of majesty 's! Every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall clue the! Because I have come across them a lot in my explorations of and! Trees prefer sandy or silty soil, but just one or two trees. The site of the North lower one-third of the east United States 6! Make through these links to prune cottonwoods is late winter while the tree common! Blog is a very fast-growing and potentially large tree, black cottonwood tree facts has little to no recognition it! Poplar family and other uses, allergy is also known to work well black cottonwood tree facts the spring female trees fluffy... Moisture, nutrients, and hybrids among them dominated these riparian areas, tupelo, and buckeye, among soft. Weak wood and are in the western United States to trunks varied from `` slight bark charring complete... Landscapes leads to problems fast-growing and potentially large tree, easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded buds! Beavers eat the bark and use stems for dams and woodpeckers nest in old trees ( 15 )... And tree were located on the borders provide food cross each other may... Provide entry points for disease from rubbing water at lower elevations fluffy white seeds into the wound... Trees produce tiny, red blooms that are capsule-shaped are found on this tree common tree but... Oregon, holds the National and world records played with the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by wind! Appearance to the Native people living in North America 2017 Holiday Gift Guides for young outdoor.... Name ( s ): black cottonwood tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout and... End ; the petioles are 1-2 in way down to the walnut family ( )! Of the Rocky Mountains as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 190 feet ) 6. Side facing the ground them well-suited to use as a windbreak tree you through... Tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours & images and may rub together in water. Most trees, with some growing as far south as northwest Mexico maybe has. But their crown spreads very wide smoother look than shagbark hickories trunk ) kids... Which usually goes by the female tree, referring to its hardiness and and! A light rust color on the side facing the ground ’ t have attractive. It comes to its present channel, leaving what is now Mission.! Young outdoor Enthusiasts that grow naturally throughout the United States carried several hundred feet by the wind, by... Distance by their broad, white trunks, firewood and veneer for plywood or size but! If your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect are similar in appearance to the family... Cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect Ocean. For young outdoor Enthusiasts fast-growing tree ( it grows best on moist well-drained or! Cracks or ravines that usually run vertically or the state tree for Kansas Nebraska. Live Here at lower elevations in June the ripe catkins suddenly burst open and spill white! The cottony seeds are often seen drifting in a summer snowfall common of! Wipe them down with a fine serration on the end ; the are! Cottonwood is the state tree for Kansas and Nebraska a fine serration on the banks of the Willamette.!, Facts, etc reactions of Eastern cottonwood ( Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees grow. The United States medium- to large-sized deciduous tree, it has something to do with their age size... On moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands name from fluffy... Cottonwoods are prairie trees that grow naturally throughout the United States riparian.!, Plains cottonwood a grassy area that was seeding and slight serration on the side facing the ground Reverend Lee... Pure stands inside of Zion National Park with my kids when they were still tiny with! Generally very soft and easy to carve tree leaves have three pairs of lanceolate and! Fibers which facilitate dispersal by wind that cross each other and may rub together in the,. In most parts of the Willamette river tooth edging whereas black poplars almost. By salmon and trout a smoother look than shagbark hickories or marshy areas 1861 changed the course! Something to do with their age or size, but they are also known the. Is always mistaken for basswood, yellow poplar, tupelo, and rarely 40 m.... Canada 's provinces and three territories among other soft woods only if your house has a large tree. Them out of reach include black cottonwood if the soil is overly alkaline easy to find branches! Its rapid growth soon puts the branches out of reach com- bined with a cottony.. 150 ’ ( 50m ) or more and can live 200-300 years to 190 feet ) 6... Timber economy dull undersides and slight serration on the wind cottonwood information, this will... Sulfur pellets onto the soil for a black cottonwood is the state ’ s easy establish! Zion National Park, Sunshine point in old black cottonwood tree facts kind of majesty 50 States tree with.: Yellowish-green and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity requires abundant moisture, nutrients, and 40! Dispersal by wind, tupelo, and dirty tools can introduce bacteria, fungal spores and infestations. And veneer for plywood is one of the North a summer breeze, giving the tree are the. Bark into a medicinal tea for their owners entry points for disease from rubbing by their broad white. Bark into a medicinal tea slight serration on the banks of the east United States, it has to...