An independent Bougainville will face significant challenges and diverse choices. Le 11 décembre 2019, les électeurs de Bougainville ont voté à plus de 98 % pour l'indépendance. Bougainville to become world’s newest nation after independence vote. On September 1, 1975, however, just … Papua New Guinea Prime Minister James Marape on May 30, 2019. The republic failed to achieve any international recognition, and a settlement was reached in August 1976. Late last year, the South Pacific island region of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly for independence from Papua New Guinea, in a carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. There were failed attempts at independence then, before simmering discontent erupted into a nine-year civil war that left thousands of people dead. Bougainville residents queue to vote at a polling station in an historic independence vote in Buka on November 23, 2019. Cette paix, frui… SYDNEY, Australia — The region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, has voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea, aiming to … But that doesn't mean Bougainville will be an independent state any time soon. The Bougainville War, or ‘Crisis’ as the locals understate it, claimed an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 lives between 1988 and 1998. Bougainville est une île de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, l'une des plus grandes des îles Salomon dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Pacifique. The votes were cast, and 98% were in favor of independence. "People have been waiting for the opportunity to cast their vote for a long time. Nations Beyond PNG Are Keeping Close Tabs The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. A special two-week vote was held, and the results were clear. However, the vote indicated such an overwhelming demand for independence that Papua New Guinea may have difficulty brushing it aside, Peake said. Is Bougainville Independent Yet? The vote is a significant indicator of public sentiment, but is non-binding, and will now need to be approved by the Papua New Guinea parliament before Bougainville can become its own country. Updates on the world's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography Now. Deputy Bougainville ABG leader Raymond Masono said recently he would push for a new mining law that would nationalize the island’s resources and hand control of Panguna to his government. The thing is that if Bougainville turns into an independent state then a precedent will come into existence that separatist forces can draw from who are speaking out for the Indonesian provinces of West Papua and Papua, … "That's a serious matter because Bougainville has chosen to be independent." Citizens living abroad can mail in their ballot. welcome-president-xi.jpg. It was organized by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. Some believe it could provide a revenue source for Bougainville should it become independent. "This referendum has been on people's minds for 20 years," said Peake. Bougainville (/ ˈ b oʊ ɡ ən v ɪ l / BOH-gən-vil; Tok Pisin: Bogenvil), officially the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea.The largest island is Bougainville Island, while the region also includes Buka Island and a number of outlying islands and atolls. That is around the same as nearby Vanuatu and just under half that of neighbouring Solomon Islands. Yet there’s few outward signs of PTSD. ", When asked if the issue was now resolved, he gave an emphatic "Yes.". The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of … The 10-year conflict, which raged from 1988 until 1998, saw the deaths of up to 20,000 people, or about 10 per cent of Bougainville's population at that time. However, Peake cautioned that more complex work lies ahead, and that the fight has only been half won. As a PNG province, it blew apart over the big open-cut Panguna mine, producing copper, silver and gold. On September 16, 1975, Papua New Guinea (PNG) gained independence from Australia and became an independent state. A group of islands comprising a semi-autonomous region that is part of Papua New Guinea. The Papua New Guinea government will decide if Bougainville should become fully independent, and if so, when that will happen. La paix serait-elle menacée ? There have long been concerns China will seek to curry influence with an independent Bougainville. Still, as is well known, the vote is not binding. STOP Bougainville independent NOW. Australia won’t push PNG to deliver independence to Bougainville. Australia understands very well the depth of pro-independence feeling in Bougainville. Bougainville’s estimated $58 billion in remaining copper and gold reserves has caught the attention of international mining companies and world governments. The results were met with celebration in Bougainville, where the results were announced in the city of Buka. Mohin said he and other activists will begin building the region's economy, educational system, and health services, in preparation for an independent future. Even without Bougainville, PNG would still have a population of 8 million people. The secession of Bougainville from the PNG that could take place soon cannot be perceived dispassionately by Indonesia, which is watching what is happening with alarm. The present Bougainville Constitution provides a blueprint for an independent constitution. They were part of the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea until 1975. … Graphic of the Bougainvillean flag is in the public domain (, carefully-planned and agreed-upon referendum. The short answer is no - at least not yet. Indeed, some independent minded Bougainvilleans prefer the term, North Solomons. But for PNG it was anathema. SYDNEY (Reuters) - The South Pacific islands of Bougainville have overwhelmingly voted to be independent from Papua New Guinea, the referendum commission said on Wednesday, in … "That's all.". Right now, Bougainville is not quite a country but not quite independent. Le rouge et le noir de la Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée qui flottaient sur les édifices du pouvoir local sont récemment devenus bleu métal, couleur de Bougainville. 668 likes. Bougainville’s recently elected president, a former rebel commander, will now lead independence negotiations. Starting Nov. 23, people had … BOUGAINVILLE INDEPENDENCE MUST BE STOPPED AT ALL COST Acknowledging the result … Australia won’t push PNG to deliver independence to Bougainville. It’s not huge. On September 16, 1975, Papua New Guinea (PNG) gained independence from Australia and became an independent state. They were part of the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea until 1975. Il doit être suivi d'un débat au Parlement de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, … Bougainville's long war. The process could take years, Boege says, with some Bougainville observers estimating it could be a decade before an independent Bougainville is established. So five months later, is Bougainville a country now? ", Eddie Mohin has been campaigning for independence for years, and hailed the day as a victory. Meanwhile, China’s already active diplomacy and investment in the region could extend to assisting an independent Bougainville, enlarging China’s presence in the Pacific. The mine had made Bougainville PNG’s richest prov­ince—a cornerstone of the country’s economy. The secession of Bougainville from the PNG that could take place soon cannot be perceived dispassionately by Indonesia, which is watching what is happening with alarm. North-east of the big island of New Guinea, the independence movement on the island of Bougainville, since Papua New Guinea’s independence in 1975, is a well-worn story. "All along (the desire for independence) was in my blood," he said. In the meantime, those who campaigned for independence are looking forward. On September 1, 1975, however, just … Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. It mainly covers the eastern half of The island of New Guinea and more than 600 islands in the South Pacific. It’s being organised by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. Starting Nov. 23, people had … Le résultat du scrutin est légalement non contraignant. The civil war had in part been over a dispute about the mine's management, and some predict Papua New Guinea will be reluctant to lose access to the region's valuable natural resources. However, if the outcome is a ‘no’ vote, or a ‘yes’ vote with a negative confirmation from the PNG parliament, then Bougainville may settle with the option of ‘greater autonomy’, which will allow Bougainville to continue its special autonomous status with greater powers as discussed earlier. Close to 98% of the 181,000 voters chose to become independent. The final decision lies with the PNG government, which must ratify Bougainville’s claim after a period of negotiation that would determine what an independent Bougainville would look like for both countries. 18 Dec 2019 | James Batley It seems that the overwhelming outcome of the referendum on Bougainville, with over 97% of eligible voters supporting independence, surprised even seasoned observers. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is comprised of Bougainville Island and several other nearby islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago. 4 Zhang Part B Viewpoint Papua New Guinea, known as the Independent State of Papua New Guinea or PNG for short, is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. What is Bougainville, and why is it seeking independence? The autonomous region of Bougainville has voted overwhelmingly in favour of becoming independent from Papua New Guinea, paving the way for the group of … Bougainville, formerly an Australian colonial territory, has had a fractious relationship with Papua New Guinea since joining the country in 1976. Powered by, • Autonomous Region of Bougainville (English), • otonomos region bilong Bogenvil (Tok Pisin), Update on the Bougainville Independence Process. Mr Toroama said he wanted to potentially see Bougainville become independent within five years. "We just want everybody to respect our people's choice and give us what we want," he said. It has its own parliament, its own borders and its own laws allowed under its status as the Autonomous Region of Bougainville. Les Bougainvilliens réagiront-ils avec violence ? Major political unrest and environmental concerns over the island's mining operation have crippled efforts to effectively build up the economy through internal revenue generation. The process of becoming a separate nation could take years to achieve. What’s that? Dr Anthony Regan, a constitutional lawyer at the Australian National University and a long-time advisor to the Autonomous Bougainville Government, said there was a lack of … Following a bloody civil war that ended two decades earlier, 98% of some 250,000 Bougainvilleans voted for independence in December 2019 in a historic but non-binding referendum. Following a meeting in Port Moresby between the two Bougainville MHAs (Paul Lapun and Donatus Mola) and around 25 Bougainvilleans, a proposal was put forward in the House of Assembly to hold a referendum to decide whether the island should remain part of Papua New Guinea, join the Solomon Islands, or become independent. Samedi, les 207 000 électeurs de Bougainville, un petit archipel de Papouasie–Nouvelle-Guinée, commenceront à voter lors d’un référendum d’indépendance. Following a meeting in Port Moresby between the two Bougainville MHAs (Paul Lapun and Donatus Mola) and around 25 Bougainvilleans, a proposal was put forward in the House of Assemblyto hold a referendum to decide whether the island should remain part of Papua New Guinea, join the Solomon Islands, or become independent. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is comprised of Bougainville Island and several other nearby islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago. For the Papua New Guinea government, the debate over Bougainville's … This week, voting will begin in a referendum that could lead to the creation of the world's first widely-accepted new country in almost a decade . Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. The prospect of an independent Bougainville, with all the wealth from the mine kept for itself alone, was an alluring prospect. Ce vote — qui se déroule du 23 novembre au 7 décembre — pourrait créer la plus jeune nation du monde et susciter une poussée d’influence parmi les puissances régionales. Bougainville independence campaigners are bracing for this next step; the copper mine, estimated to be worth $58 billion, has long been a point of territorial contention. When Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975, Bougainville became a province, even though there was little enthusiasm for it. As Papua New Guinea became independent of Australia in 1975, Bougainvilleans began to ask whether or not Bougainville would fare better on its … Moreover, noted McLeod, Bougainville is “right in the middle of a number of territories in the South Pacific. Bougainville (in red) is currently part of Papua New Guinea. Some in the region worry that the Papua New Guinea government will push back and try to block the secession -- Mohin accused the mainland of wanting to "keep the resources on the island.". Bougainville referendum explainer article. The vote will span from 23 November to 7 December in polling stations across the islands and abroad, both in PNG and other countries where Bougainvilleans reside. The final decision lies with the PNG government, which must ratify Bougainville’s claim after a period of negotiation that would determine what an independent Bougainville would look like for both countries. Bougainville, Papua New Guinea ... “This time, for us, we want to prove it and we want to make sure we put to rest this issue of Bougainville’s independent ideas. The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. Bougainville Votes to Become Independent. More than 181,000 people voted in the independence referendum in Bougainville, a group of islands. However, on 11 September 1975, in a failed bid for self-determination, Bougainville declared itself the Republic of the North Solomons. The referendum to take Bougainville a step closer to full independence finally looks set to start on 23 November, after the issuing of the writs late last month. The thing is that if Bougainville turns into an independent state then a precedent will come into existence that separatist forces can draw from who are speaking out for the Indonesian provinces of West Papua and Papua, … SYDNEY, Australia — The region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, has voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea, aiming to … It is chaired by former Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern. It was organized by the independent Bougainville Referendum Commission, led by former Irish prime minister Bertie Ahern. The Pacific Islands have long been the subject of intense competition between China and Taiwan for diplomatic recognition, and an independent Bougainville would likely be courted by both. A former veteran who fought in the civil war, he said he had been working "around the clock" to ensure the vote could go forward -- and now "we got what we wanted.". Bougainville? The people of Bougainville will be launching a referendum this weekend which could put them on track to become the world’s newest independent country The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. Imagine this future: Bougainville as an independent state would have a population close to 300,000 people, based on the last PNG census in 2011. Bougainville includes several islands … Peu de doute que le choix de l'indépendance sera celui de la majorité des habitants de l'île. Australia understands very well the depth of pro-independence feeling in Bougainville. If Bougainville becomes independent, the mine could be reopened and provide a valuable source of export revenue and make the island a destination for resource hungry investors. Although Bougainville has voted for independence, this outcome is not clear cut. The referendum has been a long time coming. Many factors will need to be considered -- for instance, the terms of trade, travel, and residence. Bougainville was finally granted limited autonomy after the war ended; although it’s still part of Papua New Guinea, it also has its own parliament, president, and legislative powers. The Bougainville flag, which Marilyn Havini helped design, is waved at a pro-independence rally. Bougainville poised to become … "That's a serious matter because Bougainville has chosen to be independent." PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea (September 2, 1999 Â The Independent)---The Bougainville crisis is just over ten years old. Alongside ongoing efforts for lasting peace, a question has been raised of whether the original demands by Panguna landowners which centered around justice for the people … Next, the Bougainville and Papua New Guinea governments will need to meet and negotiate details for a new relationship. From the bloody war that raged in the early nineties, the fight has now turned political. Voting information pamphlets at a polling station in the Bougainville capital Buka on November 22, 2019. Un référendum sur l'indépendance de la Région autonome de Bougainville est organisé du 23 novembre au 7 décembre 2019 dans cette région de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. The present Bougainville Constitution provides a blueprint for an independent constitution. There have long been concerns China will seek to curry influence with an independent Bougainville. They wanted to make sure the issue of fighting for independence was put to rest. The long-awaited Bougainville independence referendum, scheduled for November 2019, has just occurred. Voters will have a fortnight to reach the polling places, which will close on 7 December. However, no vote was held. Bougainville, a special area in Papua New Guinea, has voted in favor of becoming its own country. However, if the outcome is a ‘no’ vote, or a ‘yes’ vote with a negative confirmation from the PNG parliament, then Bougainville may settle with the option of ‘greater autonomy’, which will allow Bougainville to continue its special autonomous status with greater powers as discussed earlier. L'île de Bougainville va devenir un État indépendant 176.928 électeurs ont voté en faveur de l’indépendance, soit plus de 98% des suffrages exprimés. How the situation is handled will have major implications for regional stability, particularly as China aims to pull Bougainville as a new independent nation into its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). That agreement promised a non-binding referendum on possible independence, which was held last year. Although Bougainville has voted for independence, this outcome is not clear cut. Avec l'île Buka au nord et d'autres petites îles environnantes, elle constitue la province Bougainville, rattachée à la région des Îles. When will we know if Bougainville is getting independence? Starting tomorrow (23 November), people will have two weeks to vote either for greater autonomy, or for independence. Credit: Ben Bohane. Bougainville was to become part of an independent Papua New Guinea. Le vote découle de l'accord de paix de 2001, qui a mis fin à dix années de conflit armé sur ce territoire. Polling took place over two weeks with voters asked to choose between continued autonomy within PNG or becoming independent. The governments of PNG and Bougainville agreed to establish an independent agency, the Bougainville Referendum Commission (BRC), to conduct the referendum. The people of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly vote for independence from Papua New Guinea, but the path ahead is pocked with pitfalls. En revanche, que se passera-t-il si le gouvernement de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée le rejette ? Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea, has voted in favor of becoming independent. Women and children wear traditional dress at a referendum polling station in Buka, Bougainville, on November 25, 2019. Settled around 30,000 years ago, its name today comes from its first Western visitor, the French explorer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who arrived in 1768 (the flowering vine Bougainvillea is also named after him). (CNN)An autonomous region of Papua New Guinea has voted overwhelmingly to leave the country and form a new independent nation, authorities announced on Wednesday. The war was brought to a close by a peace agreement, which Mr Toroama signed. 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