by Keith Cleversley | Jan 1, 2002 | Plants | 0 comments, FAMILY: Solanaceae GENUS: Brugmansia SPECIES: Suaveolens COMMON NAMES: Ain-vai (Kofan), Angel’s Trumpet, Aromatic Angel’s Trumpet, Baikua, Canachiari (Shipibo), Chinki Tukutai Maikiua (Achuar, ‘angel’s trumpet to blow on small birds’), Datura d’Egypt, Engelstrompete, Fleur Trompette, Huanduc (Quechua), Ishauna (Zapara), Juunt Maikiua (Achuar, ‘large angel’s trumpet’), Ohuetagi (Huaorani), Peji (Secoya), Sprengels Engelstrompete, Toe Canachiari (Shipibo), Ts’ak Tsimin (Lacandon, ‘horse medicine’), Tu-to-a-va-a (Kofan, ‘white angel’s trumpet’), Wahashupa (Sharanahua), Yawa Maikiua (Achuar, ‘dog’s angel’s trumpet’), Yumi Maikiua (Achuar, ‘heaven’s water angel’s trumpet’). Marn MV, Plesko IM, Macek J, Trdan S, 2011. After these violent symptoms had passed, a profound sleep of several hours’ duration followed, and when the subject had recovered, he related the particulars of his visit with his forefathers” (Chinhay n.d.). Reproduction in B. suaveolens is by seed, though there are reports of vegetative propagation from broken stems, as well as suckering to produce dense colonies (Navie, 2012; Save Our Waterways Now, 2015). Parsons and Cuthbertson (2001) report that Datura can be controlled with 2,4-D at the seedling and young growth stages, but plants become resistant as they mature. B. suaveolens was present in Tonga by 1900 (Burkill, 1901), and has now been recorded as naturalized and/or invasive in many Pacific islands, as well as in Australia (southeastern Queensland and northeastern New South Wales), New Zealand, East Africa, Florida (USA), Puerto Rico and elsewhere (Navie, 2012; Lusweti et al., 2014). Collingwood, VIC, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 698 pp, PIER, 2015. Voogelbreinder, Snu, Garden of Eden: The Shamanic Use of Psychoactive Flora and Fauna, and the Study of Consciousness. First report of pospiviroids infecting ornamentals in the Netherlands: Citrus exocortis viroid in Verbena sp., Potato spindle tuber viroid in Brugmansia suaveolens and Solanum jasminoides, and Tomato apical stunt viroid in Cestrum sp. Local spread of B. suaveolens is possible accidentally through the dumping of garden waste. For example, the California Poison Control System ranks Brugmansia species as Class 1, its most toxic plant category, with the sap causing vision problems, confusion and elevated heart rates. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Vegetation Manager, March:5-6. http://www.technigro.com.au/documents/TVM%20March%202012.pdf, Parsons WT, Cuthbertson EG, 1992. Buffalo, New York, USA: Firefly Books, 144 pp, Rao RR, 1994. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Moldenke (as the preferred synonym for B. aurea). Brugmansia suaveolens. Second edition. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2015. Fruits form very rarely, and are short and spindle-shaped, with large brown seeds (Ratsch 1998, 106). La India de los Floripondios, Alfredo Ramos Martinez, 1932. Ornamental plants in Southern Brazil with toxic potential for companion animals. http://www.gbif.org/species, Kiew R, 2008. TRADITIONAL EFFECTS: B. suaveolens contains tropane alkaloids, as do all species of Brugmansia. Balboa, Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. In addition to the abovementioned species, the Plant List (2013) also includes B.longifolia Lagerh. Department of Agriculture, Kingston, Jamaica, 16 pp, Kiew R, 2008. Deutscher Gartenbau, 44(17):1128-1129, Firestone D, Sloane C, 2007. and B.pittieri (Saff.) The likelihood that natural hybrids occur in the wild where the native ranges of Brugmansia species overlap (and also where Datura species are present) cannot be discounted, and may add to genetic variability within these genera. A Datura relative known in English as white angel's trumpet, the plant is called toé or floripondio in the Peruvian Amazon. Brugmansia suaveolens mottle virus, a novel potyvirus causing leaf mottling of Brugmansia suaveolens in Brazil. Boston, USA: Harvard University, Lockwood TE, 1973. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Miami, Florida, USA. In: Ethnobiology in human welfare: abstracts of the fourth international congress of ethnobiology, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, 17-21 November, 1994, p. 236, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015. Required fields are marked *. (Efecto nematicida de extractos de Quassia amara y Brugmansia suaveolens sobre Meloidogyne sp. Stickney, and M. Perl. Brugmansia suaveolens is the commonest species under this family in Sri Lanka. Brugmansia suaveolens mottle virus, identified as a putative new potyvirus, was isolated from B. suaveolens plants in Brazil (Lucinda et al., 2008). In: Zbornik Predavanj in Referatov. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Haegi L, 1976. × candida. It is considered toxic, and care should be given when handling any part of the plant. Plant Disease, 98(9):1283. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015. Brugmansia is a genus of seven species of flowering plants in the family Solanaceae.They are woody trees or shrubs, with pendulous flowers, and have no spines on their fruit. This tube separates at the tip into 2-5 small lobes. (Avaliação da atividade ovicida e larvicida de dez extratos vegetais ante Ancylostoma ssp.) Journal of Emergency Medicine, 33(1):21-24. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8B-4NVK1T2-H&_user=10&_coverDate=07%2F31%2F2007&_rdoc=9&_fmt=summary&_orig=browse&_srch=doc-info(%23toc%235082%232007%23999669998%23662614%23FLA%23display%23Volume)&_cdi=5082&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=34&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=273c894fa4a281e5bf44644efb7bd324, Francis PD, Clarke CF, 1999. Hall, R.C.W., B. Pfefferbaum, E.R. Phytochemical and antimicrobial screening of indigenous species that have potential for revegetation of landslides in Atok, Benguet, Philippines. http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/herbarium/, The Plant List, 2013. Wallingford, UK: CABI.             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Solanales,                         Family: Solanaceae,                             Genus: Brugmansia,                                 Species: Brugmansia suaveolens, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. Neotropical Entomology, 41(1):2-8. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0n7k6n44q4v520g4/, Bennett BC, 1992. The stem material is applied externally to rashes and skin anomalies, and this is said to bring healing very rapidly (Ratsch 1998, 107-108). Descola, P. The Spears of Twilight: Life and Death in the Amazon Jungle. Brugmansia suaveolens. It contains alkaloids like scopolamine, atropine and hyoscyamine which can cause an anticholinergic toxindrome. Noxious weeds of Australia. Award-winning Brugmansia suaveolens (Snowy Angel's Trumpet) is a semi-evergreen, tropical shrub or small tree boasting huge and magnificent, pendulous trumpet-shaped, white flowers, 12 in. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Version 1.1. Zbornik Predavanj in Referatov, 10. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. A.]. In Australia, B. suaveolens poses a threat to waterways. The Herbarium Catalogue. Other effective non-selective herbicides include atrazine, diquat and glyphosate. Many species of Datura are reported to have been introduced as seed contaminants in cereal grain (e.g., sorghum), birdseed, etc., so without further information this means of introduction cannot be discounted for Brugmansia. However, even here one must treat this plant wiht great respect – in Peru, it is said that one who sleeps beneath a B. suaveolens tree will go permanently mad (Schultes 1980 cited in Ratsch 1998, 108). Verschaff. This must be done when one is alone in the forest, and is said to restore any power lost through ritual killing. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Chinhay, C. “Toe (Brugmansia Suaveolens).”. The species was transferred to Brugmansia suaveolens by Von Berchtold and Presl in 1823 (Preissel and Preissel, 2002). Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2015), Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2015), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://www.uni-kl.de/FB-Biologie/Botanik/tier_pfl_interak/ag_wirth/abstracts/Araujo%20et%20al.%202005%20ATBC.pdf, http://www.ww.tropical-biology.org/research/dip/darwin.htm, http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/EAFRINET, http://digital.lib.usf.edu/SFS0001417/00001, http://www.technigro.com.au/documents/TVM%20March%202012.pdf, http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=1280, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. An overview of the ethnobotany of the Nagas of Nagaland in northeast India. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17(8):1979-1995. http://www.springerlink.com/content/7653v67635014234/?p=8183fb2c7dcf468ba31ce33f67c6bec3&pi=11, Encarnación-Dimayuga R, Altamirano L, Maki KA, 1998. Fuentes Fiallo V, 1990. First report of Tomato spotted wilt virus in Brugmansia suaveolens in Korea. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. 136. http://www.uni-kl.de/FB-Biologie/Botanik/tier_pfl_interak/ag_wirth/abstracts/Araujo%20et%20al.%202005%20ATBC.pdf, Alves MN, Sartoratto A, Trigo JR, 2007. does anyone actually use it as a medicine. It is very likely to be present in many more countries than those indicated in the distribution table. It is noted for attracting wildlife. B. suaveolens is reportedly used as a traditional herbal medicine in north-eastern India (Rao, 1994), and for medicinal use for its spasmolytic or spasmogenic activity (Encarnación-Dimayuga et al., 1998). Online Database. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. First report of Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) in ornamental plants in Greece. Brugmansia species are divided into two groups, section Brugmansia including B. insignis, B. sauveolens and B. versicolor, and section Sphaerocarpium with B. arborea, B. sanguinea and B. vulcanicola (Lockwood, 1973a; Shaw, 1999, Hay et al., 2012). Flora Malesiana Bulletin. Ljubljana, Slovenia: Plant Protection Society of Slovenia, 89-96, Mejicano E, 2011. Navie (2012) reports that individual plants can be manually removed with the aid of suitable tools, but care must be taken to remove the crown as plants may regrow from the base. Annual report of the Department of Agriculture, Jamaica, for the year ended 31st March, 1944. ex Willd.) Burkill IH, 1901. B. suaveolens is very similar to other angel’s trumpets, especially the hybrid B. Screening of medicinal plants from Baja California Sur (Mexico) by their effects on smooth muscle contractility. London, UK: Kew Publishing, 424 pp, Jamaica Department of Agriculture, 1945.